Doune Castle

Doune Castle er et slott og en borg fra middelalderens Skottland, og ligger i landsbyen Doune, ikke langt fra Dunblane i regionen Stirling.

Anlegget ble oppført av Robert Stewart, 1. hertug av Albany sent på 1300-tallet, etter at det første anlegget som skal ha blitt bygget på 1200-tallet ble ødelagt under den skotske uavhengighetskrigen. Robert Stewart var sønn av kong Robert II av Skottland og regent for Skottland fra 1388 og fram til sin død.

Hertugens støttepunkt har overlevd relativt intakt og fullstendig, og det blir antatt at hele anlegget slik det står ble bygget under ett homemade meat tenderizer. Da hertug Richards sønn og arvtaker Murdoch ble henrettet i 1425 gikk slottet over i kongelig eie og ble hovedsakelig benyttet som kongelig jakthus og enkesete, hvor blant andre Mary av Gueldres (c.1434–1463), Margrete av Danmark (1456–1486) og Margaret Tudor (1489–1541), enkene etter henholdsvis Jakob II, Jakob III og Jakob IV.

Maria, skottenes dronning, (styrte i årene 1542–1567) bodde på Doune ved en rekke anledninger hvor hun hadde en gruppe rom over kjøkkenet. Doune var bemannet med en styrke lojal til Maria gjennom den korte borgerkrigen som brøt ut da hun ble tvunget til å abdisere i 1567, og ble sittende her til de overga seg til regenten Matthew Stewart, 4. jarl av Lennox i 1570 etter en tredagers blokade.

Mot slutten av 1500-tallet gikk eiendommen over til jarlene av Moray.

Slottet deltok i kamphandlinger under krigen i de tre kongeriker i årene 1644 til 1651 og Glencairn-opprøret mot Oliver Cromwell i 1653 og under Jakobittopprørene på slutten av 1600-tallet og begynnelsen av 1700-tallet. I 1800 var anlegget ganske skadet, men restaureringsarbeider ble gjennomført i 1880-årene. På 1900-tallet kom anlegget i statlig eie, og blir nå ivaretatt av Historic Scotland.

På bakgrunn av den status og posisjon lå til hertug av Albany, uttrykket Doune de daværende forestillingene om hvordan et kongelig slott skulle være. Slottet og befestningen er bygget rundt en borggård omgitt av bygninger, men hovedsakelig er bare de nordlige og nordvestlige fløyene ferdigstilt. Disse består av et 29 meter høyt tårnhus over adkomsten og består av rom for slottsherren og hans familie, og et eget tårnhus med kjøkken og gjesterom. Disse er forbundet med en stor hall på 20 x 8 meter, og med en høyde på 12 meter opp til tømmertaket. Steinarbeidene er nesten overalt fra slutten av 1300-tallet, med bare mindre reparasjoner som ble utført i 1580-årene.

Ringmuren er 2 meter tykk og 12 meter høy. Gangveien på toppen er beskyttet av parapeter på begge sider, og går over skråtakene over hallen og porthuset ved hjelp av bratte trapper. Hvert hjørne har åpne, runde tureller med halvsirkulær utsikt mot midten av hver vegg waterproof sports bag. En firkantet turell med åpning i bunn ligger over bakporten i vestveggen.

Slottets utforming blir av historikere sett på å være som en del av en utvikling mot mer integrerte borggårdsbygninger, slik som kongelige slott som Linlithgow, som ble bygget gjennom 1400-tallet og tidlig 1500-tallet. Utformingen av Doune tilsvarer utformingen av samtidige slottsanlegg som Tantallon og Bothwell, og framstår, i varierende grad, slik som andre anlegg fra samme periode.

Under restaurasjonene på 1880-tallet ble tømmertakene og tregulvene erstattet, samt innredningen.

I moderne tid har Doune Castle blant annet blitt brukt som innspillingssted for filmene Ivanhoe – den svarte ridderen (1952) med Robert Taylor og Elizabeth Taylor. water bottle storage, Monty Python og ridderne av det runde bord, TV-serien Game of Thrones og en filmatisering av En sang om is og ild av George R.R liter water bottle bpa free. Martin.

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Licence Raj

The Licence Raj or Permit Raj (rāj, meaning “rule” in Hindi) was the elaborate system of licences, regulations and accompanying red tape that were required to set up and run businesses in India between 1947 and 1990.

The Licence Raj was a result of India’s decision to have a planned economy where all aspects of the economy are controlled by the state and licences are given to a select few. Up to 80 government agencies had to be satisfied before private companies could produce something and, if granted, the government would regulate production.

Reforms since the mid-1980s have significantly reduced regulation, but Indian labour laws still prevent manufacturers from reducing their workforce without prohibitive burdens.

The term plays off “British Raj”, the period of British rule in India. It was coined by Indian statesman Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari, who firmly opposed it for its potential for political corruption and economic stagnation and founded the Swatantra Party to oppose these practices.

In his newspaper, Rajagopalachari wrote:

I want the corruptions of the Permit/Licence Raj to go. […] I want the officials appointed to administer laws and policies to be free from pressures of the bosses of the ruling party, and gradually restored back to the standards of fearless honesty which they once maintained. […] I want real equal opportunities for all and no private monopolies created by the Permit/Licence Raj.

The architect of the system of Licence Raj was Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister. Private players could manufacture goods only with official licences.

The key characteristic of the Licence Raj is a Planning Commission that centrally administers the economy of the country. Like a command economy, India had Five-Year Plans on the lines of the Five-Year Plans in the Soviet Union.

Before the process of reforms began in 1991, the government attempted to close the Indian economy to the outside world. The Indian currency, the rupee, was inconvertible and high tariffs and import licensing prevented foreign goods reaching the market. India also operated a system of central planning for the economy, in which firms required licences to invest and develop. This bureaucracy often led to absurd restrictions: up to 80 agencies had to be satisfied before a firm could be granted a licence to produce, and, even then, the state would decide what was produced, how much, at what price and what sources of capital were used.

The government also prevented firms from laying off workers or closing factories diy toothpaste dispenser. The central pillar of the policy was import substitution industrialisation, the belief that countries like India needed to rely on internal markets for development, not international trade, a belief generated by a mixture of socialism and the experience during the colonial period.

The Licence Raj system was in place for four decades. The government of India initiated a liberalisation policy under P. V. Narasimha Rao. Narasimha Rao also had the responsibility of industries minister; he is directly responsible for dismantling the Licence Raj.

Liberalisation resulted in substantial growth in the Indian economy, which continues today.[citation needed] The Licence Raj is considered to have been significantly reduced in 1991 when India had only two weeks of foreign reserves left. In return for an IMF bailout, Gold bullion was transferred to London as collateral, the Rupee devalued and economic reforms were forced upon India. The federal government, with Manmohan Singh as finance minister, reduced licensing regulations; lowered tariffs, duties and taxes; and opened up to international trade and investment.

The reform policies introduced after 1991 removed many of these restrictions. Industrial licensing was abolished for almost all product categories, except for alcohol, tobacco, hazardous chemicals, industrial explosives

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, electronics, aerospace and pharmaceuticals.

On 6 August 2014 the Indian Parliament raised the limit on foreign direct investment in the defence sector to 49% and removed the limit for certain classes of infrastructure projects: high speed railways, including construction, operation and maintenance of high-speed train projects; suburban corridor projects through PPP; dedicated freight lines; rolling stock including train sets; locomotives manufacturing and maintenance facilities; railway electrification and signalling systems; freight terminals and passenger terminals; infrastructure in industrial park pertaining to railway line, and mass rapid transport systems waist bag bottle holder.

North Sheen

North Sheen, an area of London, England in the former Municipal Borough of Richmond (Surrey), was incorporated into Kew in 1965 when the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames was created.

Although North Sheen no longer officially exists as a place name, it survives as the name of a station. Being south of the A316 road, the station is in Richmond rather than Kew meat tenderizer liquid, and so was not actually in North Sheen. Kew also has North Sheen Bowling Club, North Sheen Cemetery and North Sheen Recreation Ground.

North Sheen, whose etymology is shared with East Sheen, formed a civil parish from 1894 to 1965. Historically, it formed part of the Mortlake parish and became part of the expanded Municipal Borough of Richmond in 1892. Under the Local Government Act 1894, a new North Sheen parish was created from part of Mortlake

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, with the remainder of Mortlake then forming part of Barnes Urban District. The North Sheen parish covered an area of 329 acres (1.33 km2). In 1901 the population was 2,807 and in 1951 it was 7,429.

North Sheen was first marked on maps from 1904. At that time it was mostly undeveloped ello glass bottle, but by 1920 residential building was underway.

A major section of H.G.Wells’ “The War of the Worlds” takes place at Sheen, depicting with considerable detail the destruction caused there by Wells’ Martian invaders.

Wysokość dynamiczna

Wysokość dynamiczna – wartość liczby geopotencjalnej podzieloną przez normalne przyspieszenie siły ciężkości na poziomie morza dla szerokości geograficznej 45°:






γ




0




45






{\displaystyle \gamma _{0}^{45}}


– wartość przyspieszenia normalnego dla szerokości, φ = 45° obliczone dla pewnego modelu rozkładu masy Ziemi na poziomie morza.

Wartość ta dla systemu GRS 80 wynosi:

Liczba geopotencjalna wyraża pracę w polu potencjalnym: C = WP – W0.

Poprawka dynamiczna wyraża się wzorem:

Wysokości dynamiczne i poprawki dynamiczne są wyznaczone ściśle, bez jakichkolwiek przybliżeń, jedynie na podstawie pomierzonych wysokości i przyspieszenia sił ciężkości. Wysokości te nie mają żadnej interpretacji geometrycznej underwater smartphone case, nie można wskazać ani punktów, ani powierzchni, których odległość znaczyłaby wysokość dynamiczną. Jednakże meat tenderizer definition, punkty znajdujące się na tej samej powierzchni ekwipotencjalnej mają tę samą wysokość dynamiczną. Zatem spokojna powierzchnia jeziora, która dobrze wizualizuje powierzchnię poziomą customised football shirts, ma w każdym punkcie tę samą wysokość dynamiczną. System wysokości dynamicznych nie uwzględnia nierównoległości powierzchni ekwipotencjalnych. Wysokości dynamiczne mają zastosowanie w technice, przy projektach związanych z budownictwem wodnym. Wysokości tych nie możemy zastosować do wyznaczenia figury Ziemi według koncepcji Stokesa.

Sant’Ivo alla Sapienza

Sant’Ivo alla Sapienza er en kirke i Rom. Kirken betragtes som et mesterværk af romersk barokarkitektur og blev bygget i 1642-1660 af arkitekten Francesco Borromini.

Kirken startede omkring det 14. århundrede som et kapel for Roms universitet. Universitetet kaldes “La Sapienza” team sports uniforms, og kirken er indviet til Sankt Ivo, deraf kirkens navn. Borromini måtte tilpasse sit projekt til det eksisterende palads hydration bottles for runners. Han valgte en grundplan som en davidsstjerne og integrerede kirkens facade med paladsets gård. Kuplen med sin spirallanterne er bemærkelsesværdigt original. Denne var inspirationen for den danske arkitekt Laurids de Thurah, da han i 1752 byggede det nye snoede spir på Vor Frelser Kirke i København.

Interiørets komplekse rytmer opstår af en beundringsværdig geometri best glass water bottle. Det er en rationel arkitektur – kompliceret at betragte, men på papiret danner to overlappende ligebenede trekanter og en cirkel basis for en sekskantet række af kapeller og altre i en symmetrisk kirke. Interiørets bølgende former, både konkave og konvekse, skaber en uharmonisk og alligevel tiltalende effekt. Dekorationerne er en blanding af originale organiske (englehoveder emd seks vinger) og geometriske former (stjerner). Op langs soklerne på tre af kuplens piller ses den pavelige Chigi-families symbol, “seks bjerge under en stjerne”.

Interiørets vigtigste kunstværk er Pietro da Cortonas altertavle, der fremstiller Sankt Ivo.

Koordinater:

Daliégou

Daliégou är en kulle i Elfenbenskusten. Den ligger i distriktet Savanes, i den nordöstra delen av landet thermos brand, 270 km nordost om huvudstaden Yamoussoukro. Toppen på Daliégou är 363 meter över havet, eller 133 meter över den omgivande terrängen. Bredden vid basen är 1,8 km.

Terrängen runt Daliégou är huvudsakligen platt. Den högsta punkten i närheten är 555 meter över havet, 19,4 km väster om Daliégou. Trakten runt Daliégou är mycket glesbefolkad, med 6 invånare per kvadratkilometer. Det finns inga samhällen i närheten. Trakten runt Daliégou är huvudsakligen savannskog. I trakten runt Daliégou finns ovanligt många namngivna vattendrag

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Savannklimat råder i trakten

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. Årsmedeltemperaturen i trakten är 24 °C. Den varmaste månaden är mars, då medeltemperaturen är 27 °C, och den kallaste är augusti, med 21 °C. Genomsnittlig årsnederbörd är 1 177 millimeter. Den regnigaste månaden är september, med i genomsnitt 264 mm nederbörd, och den torraste är januari, med 2 mm nederbörd.

Eugen Steimle

Eugen Steimle (8 December 1909 – 9 October 1987) was a German SS commander in the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) during the Nazi era. He commanded Sonderkommando 7a and Einsatzkommando 4a of the Einsatzgruppen, both of which were responsible for mass killings in the Soviet Union. Steimle was found guilty in 1947 in the Einsatzgruppen Trial and sentenced to death in 1948. His sentence was commuted to 20 years in prison quick way to tenderize beef.

Steimle was the son of a pastor and came from a strict pietistic family and studied history, German and French at the University of Tübingen and University of Berlin. In May 1935, he passed his teaching exams. He joined the Nazi Party in 1932 and the National Socialist German Students’ League (NSDStB), where he devoted himself to teaching Volksdeutsche students of the Sudetenland. He joined the SS (no. 272,575) as well in 1932, and then joined the SD in 1935 at the instigation of NSDStB chief Gustav Adolf Scheel. In September 1936, Steimle directed the SD office in Stuttgart. First, he headed the SD subsection Württemberg, and from 1939 until 1943, the SD-Leitabschnitt Stuttgart.

From 7 September to 10 December 1941, he succeeded Walter Blume as the commanding officer of Sonderkommando 7a in Einsatzgruppe B, which was led by Arthur Nebe. Under Steimle’s command, his unit murdered 500 Jews within two months. From August 1942 to January 1943, he replaced Erwin Weinmann as leader of Einsatzkommando 4a in Einsatzgruppe C, which was led by Otto Rasch. After returning to Germany, he became head of Group VI B (German-Italian sphere of influence in Europe

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, Africa and the Middle East) in the RSHA. In 1944, he was promoted to SS-Standartenführer.

Steimle was arrested by the Allies in 1945. He was found guilty in 1947 in the Einsatzgruppen Trial and sentenced to death in 1948. His sentence was commuted to 20 years in prison. He was released from Landsberg Prison in June 1954 and then taught German and history in Wilhelmsdorf, Baden-Württemberg. He retired in 1975. Eugen Steimle died on 9 October 1987.

Diether Kramer

Diether Kramer (* 22. Jänner 1942 in Graz; † 1. September 2016) war ein österreichischer Prähistoriker und Mittelalterarchäologe.

Kramer war ab 1977 als wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter in der Abteilung für Vor- und Frühgeschichte des Universalmuseum Joanneum tätig und wirkte hier bis 2007. 1981 erfolgte seine Promotion an der Universität Salzburg mit der Dissertation „Vom Neolithikum bis zur römischen Kaiserzeit. Untersuchungen zur ältesten Besiedelungsgeschichte der Steiermark, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der mittelsteirischen Höhensiedlungen“. Von 1998 bis 2007 leitete Kramer das Referat „Ur- und Frühgeschichtliche Sammlung“ des Joanneums. Er war von 1988 bis zu seinem Tod Mitglied der Historischen Landeskommission für Steiermark und gehörte von 1992 bis 2006 deren Ständigem Ausschuss an. Ab 2001 war er Honorarprofessor für Prähistorische Archäologie und Mittelalterarchäologie an der Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz.

Im Zuge seiner archäologischen Tätigkeiten, welche sich über mehrere Jahrzehnte erstreckten, führte er Ausgrabungen verschiedener prähistorischer Höhensiedlungen in der Steiermark durch. So führte er unter anderem mit dem Archäologen Gerald Fuchs 1984 Notgrabungen auf dem Kögelberg durch. Hierbei wurde das Idol vom Kögelberg gefunden. Des Weiteren führte er die Nachgrabung des Kröllkogels, eines der Fürstengräber der Nekropole der hallstattzeitlichen Siedlung auf dem Burgstallkogel bei Großklein, durch.

Ausgrabungen auf dem Gebiet der Stadt Graz, etwa im Hof des Stammhauses des Universalmuseums Joanneum, am Grazer Hauptplatz und am Karmeliterplatz, brachten unter anderem mittelalterliche Funde und Gräber der Urnenfelderkultur zutage. Dies führte zu einer Neubetrachtung der frühen Grazer Stadtgeschichte. In Zusammenarbeit mit dem Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseum in Mainz beteiligte er sich an der Restaurierung des Kultwagens von Strettweg

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Im Laufe seiner akademischen Karriere tätigte Kramer mehr als 180 Veröffentlichungen, darunter auch mehrere Monografien, und kuratierte zahlreiche Ausstellungen

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, wie etwa „Das Antlitz des Königs“ mit den Funden aus dem Kröllkogel. Neben seinen Forschungen zur Prähistorie und dem Frühmittelalter engagierte sich Kramer auch in der historischen Burgenforschung. Beispielsweise war er Mitglied des Comité permanent von Château Gaillard und wirkte in der Kommission zur Feststellung von Zerstörungen am kulturellen Erbe Kroatiens im Zuge der Jugoslawienkriege mit.

The Adventures of Harry Lime

The Adventures of Harry Lime (broadcast in the United States as The Lives of Harry Lime) is an old-time radio programme produced in the United Kingdom during the 1951 to 1952 season. Orson Welles reprises his role of Harry Lime from the celebrated 1949 film The Third Man. The radio series is a prequel to the film, and depicts the many misadventures of con-artist Lime in a somewhat lighter tone than that of the film.

The Adventures of Harry Lime is one of the most successful series created by prolific British radio producer Harry Alan Towers and his company Towers of London. Towers and Graham Greene, author of The Third Man, had the same literary agent, and Towers learned that Greene had not sold the rights to the character of Harry Lime to Alexander Korda when he sold Korda The Third Man. Towers quickly bought the rights to the character and in 1951 he put a syndicated radio series into production. Orson Welles reprised the role of Harry Lime in a series of adventures that preceded the story told in The Third Man.

Several episodes would begin with “The Third Man Theme” being played, abruptly cut off by an echoing gunshot. Then Welles would speak: “That was the shot that killed Harry Lime. He died in a sewer beneath Vienna, as those of you know who saw the movie The Third Man water bottles reusable. Yes, that was the end of Harry Lime … but it was not the beginning. Harry Lime had many lives … and I can recount all of them. How do I know? Very simple. Because my name is Harry Lime.”

Although often cited as a BBC production, the series was one of a number produced and distributed independently by Towers of London and syndicated internationally.

Only sixteen of the episodes were acquired and broadcast by the BBC in the UK. It was the first time that the BBC broadcast episodes of a dramatic series that it did not produce. The full series was syndicated to radio stations in the U.S.

The con orchestrated by Welles’ character in the episode “Horse Play” closely resembles that of the 1973 Robert Redford and Paul Newman film “The Sting.” Both are based on the book “The Big Con” written by David W. Maurer which was published in 1940 is meat tenderizer safe.

The episode “Man of Mystery”, written by Welles, was later expanded by him and served as the basic plot for his film Mr. Arkadin.

A recording of the 1951 “A Ticket to Tangiers” episode of The Lives of Harry Lime series is available on the Criterion Collection DVD edition of The Third Man. In addition, recordings of the 1952 episodes Man of Mystery, Murder on the Riviera and Blackmail is a Nasty Word are included on the Criterion Collection DVD The Complete Mr. Arkadin.

Fifteen episodes were adapted into a short story collection, The Lives of Harry Lime, published in the United Kingdom by Pocket Books in 1952. The book was credited to “Orson Welles and others”, and Welles had been credited with writing the scripts of several episodes, but it is unclear whether or not he wrote the adaptations.

Additionally, Harry Alan Towers has cast doubt on whether Welles even wrote the episodes he was credited with. He describes how the series started being written by a team of experienced American radio scriptwriters. When Welles discovered they were being paid $1 go glass bottle,000 per script, he offered to write 6 scripts himself. The scripts were delivered and Towers duly paid Welles $6,000. Then one day, a man walked into Towers’ office, demanding to be paid for the scripts which he had ghostwritten for Welles. When Welles was asked about it later, he smiled: “Don’t pay him. They weren’t very good scripts.”

The episodes which were adapted into short stories were:

Welles also tried to convert one episode script into a film script for producer Alexander Korda. When that fell through, the story was adapted into a novel and published in France as Une Grosse Légume in 1953. The novel was ghostwritten by Maurice Bessy and published under Welles’s name. It has never been published in English.

Donald Leslie

Donald James Leslie (13. april 1911 i Danville, Illinois – 2. september 2004 i Altadena, Californien) skabte og fremstillede Leslie-højttaleren, som forbedrede lyden af Hammondorgelet og derved bidrog til at raffinere den elektroniske populærmusik.

Leslies arbejde var baseret på erfaringer bpa free bottled water, han havde fået på andre arbejdspladser, herunder reparation af radioer og arbejde på Naval Research Laboratory i Washington commercial meat tenderizer machine, DC under 2. verdenskrig.

Da Leslie præsenterede Hammond-firmaet for sin håndbyggede orgelhøjttaler, afviste selskabet ham. Leslie valgte derefter selv at fremstille sin højttaler. Den skulle overvejende anvendes til liturgiske og evangeliske kirkeorgler og skabe tremolovirkning som i et kinoorgel. Den blev brugt i Hammond Tone Wheel Organ såvel som andre fra 1940’erne op til i dag. Den endelige version af Leslie-højttaleren har bashøjttaleren placeret over en roterende tragt phone dry bag, hvorigennem lyden spredes i rummet, mens diskanthøjttaleren er monteret i en spindende rotor med en smal åbning, hvilket giver en kinoorgel-agtig tremololyd. Lesliesystemet blev også anvendt i den psykedeliske musik og rock musik fra 1960’erne og 1970’erne most popular water bottles. Det har siden vundet indpas i andre musikgenrer, herunder popmusik og jazz. Ikke før i 1980’erne begyndte Hammond at bygge Leslies højttalere ind i deres orgler.

Leslie blev optaget i American Music Conference Hall of Fame i 2003.